Sunday, February 23, 2020

Use Foucault's theory of the disciplinary society to analyse three Essay

Use Foucault's theory of the disciplinary society to analyse three examples of body discipline - Essay Example Foucault considers this physicality -such as pain, hunger, sorrow, joy, etc- a subject of politics and power. The idea, that body is an object that can be subjugated, threatened and tortured by the external forces and power, gives birth to the concept that body’s fear of torture and pain can be manipulated to grow body disciplines in accordance with the social disciplines. In fact, for Foucault, ‘body’ has always been in the center of the attention of any forms of power or authority because body is easily accessible and manageable by controlling its various organic needs, as referring to Foucault’s obsession with the physicality of human being, Peter Erlandson says, â€Å"Foucault stresses that as well as studying the body as a seat of ‘needs and appetites’ and other ‘biological events’ in the social sciences, the politics of the body also needs to be studied† (662-3). This paper will explore how Foucault’s social dis ciplinary theory explains the body disciplines. According to Foucault, discipline as one of the social constructs developed as a response to the increasing demand of the reformists to view the public or social body in power of the state. This concept of â€Å"the power of the public body† necessarily viewed an individual as a body that needs to be disciplined in accordance with the disciplines followed by the collective social body. But Foucault notes that the social body itself is a group of individual bodies that have internalized a set of acknowledged rules and regulations through a number of social disciplinary organizations. According to Holligan, the social institutions functions as â€Å"regimes whose purpose and success is predicated upon making bodies obedient and practically valuable within a particular social formation† (138). An individual that violates the social disciplines is viewed as a physical power or body that lacks the

Friday, February 7, 2020

Read below Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Read below - Essay Example Such a status quo does not behove for a peaceful resolution of the issue of Taiwanese sovereignty or the Chinese ‘One China Policy’. Changes that have occurred in China in the last two decades that have the potential to propel it to the forefront in world economics and politics create a platform for China to be more accommodative to a peaceful resolution to the irritants that exist between it and Taiwan. Recent events, like the historic visits of the Head of State of Taiwan to mainland China add to the potential for. It is against this backdrop that the author lays down a possible political solution to the vexing issues of China’s insistence on only one China and the autonomy aspirations of China. The political solution suggested by the author is the â€Å"Greater China Union†, wherein the one China policy of mainland China is accepted on one hand and some of the autonomy aspirations of Taiwan are conceded by China. By worldwide acceptance of the fait accompli of a single state of China, the pride of China remains unaffected, which would find acceptance to the more realistic politicians in Beijing and also derive the benefit of concessions on autonomy aspirations of Taiwan. The author also lays out the status of Taiwan within the â€Å"Greater China Union† concept. The â€Å"Greater China Concept† calls for an asymmetric relationship between that of the federated state (Taiwan) and a greater larger federate power (China). The asymmetry lies in Taiwan maintaining greater internal autonomy and giving up some of its international autonomy in the potential Union of the two federations. The first element in the potential union is the demilitarization of Taiwan under international guarantees on the similar lines of the Finland-Aland model, already a real precedent in existence. The Aland Islands are demilitarized under international guarantees and Finland looks after the foreign affairs of the Aland

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Manage Programs That Promote Personal Effectiveness Essay Example for Free

Manage Programs That Promote Personal Effectiveness Essay 1. Three common Health Issues that Can Affect Productivity In The Work Place Are: Mental Health Issues for example: Depression, Anxiety, stress Behavioral Conditions. Chronic Illnesses for example: Diabetes, asthma, Cancer, coronary heart disease and stroke. Lifestyle risk Factors such as drug and alcohol abuse, gambling, Obesity and smoking this includes second hand smoke. 2. Use the internet to research each Identified issue for the following: Prevalence of the issue and any forecasts. Mental Health is on the rise in and out of the work place, And unlike many physical illness it impacts on people during their prime working years untreated mental health issues are costing Australian organizations $642,000 per 1000 employees. Chronic Illness is increasing in a global prevalence and in 23 high burden developed countries the cost associated with this global prevalence will cost the economy 84 billion dollars by 2015 if nothing is done to slow this up ward trend. Lifestyle Risk Factors have increased dramatically not only has Obesity increased Across all age groups the working age groups has a steady upward growth. Between 1995 and 2012 the average BMI for men and women over 18 have increased by 9.6% And only only 5.5% of Australian adults had an adequate usual daily intake of fruit and Vegetables there has been a decrease in smoking according to the national health Survey â€Å"In 2011 12, men were more likely to smoke daily than women (18.3% Compared with 14.1%). These rates have decreased since 2001, when 25.4% of men And 19.5% of women smoked daily†. Standard approaches to address the Issue in the work place. Being proactive in effectively raising awareness and addressing Mental Heath in the work place so early intervention can take place is important for staff moral and confidence. Some standard approaches for addressing and dealing with mental health would be: Educating and giving managers and employee’s the tools and skills needed to jointly identify triggers and solutions. On a larger scale and depending on the overall health and personnel needs of the employees and funding from the organization or government an EAP could be strategized and planned. Standard approaches to addressing chronic illness in the work place are: Initiating an in employee assistance program to provide the employees with the education and support they need this could be anything from a basic to a comprehensive program depending on all the variable factors to take in to account. Standard Approaches to Lifestyle risk factors include policy changes such as smoke Free environments to further decrease the smoking rate or even promoting quit line Services for smoking related issues. Provide health options and Incentives for using And maintaining healthier choices within the workplace to deal with diet related Lifestyle risks. Two of the Identified approaches briefly detailed on how the approach is managed in The work place and which approach I prefer. Mental Health Implementing compressive strategy or national workplace program (Employee assistance program) along with strategizing a well being policy and prevention policy will increase knowledge and understanding on how to deal and prevent mental health in the work place and address work related risk. Therefore increasing awareness, decreasing stigma and improving attitudes therefore giving staff \ employees the tools to create a healthy work  environment where no one has fears of speaking out about having a mental health issue this can provide job securities and reassurances they have the support of the organization. Full commitment from all stakeholders including all management mental heath experts and the chosen employee representative is essential to the success and outcome of program. Lifestyles Risks Factors Introducing an advanced or comprehensive program to educate and give staff / Employee’s opportunities to be educated on Nutrition, Physical activity, Smoking and stress management and experience to practice the skills needed to deal With and prevent Lifestyle Risk related issues. Provide health options and Incentives For using and maintaining healthier choices within the workplace to deal with diet Related Lifestyle risks. Also promoting services related to lifestyle risk factors such as Quit line, Heart Foundation, Cancer Council, Substance abuse consolers and GP’s for General check ups. Approach I Prefer The benefits for addressing lifestyle risks far out way the cost and time as Implementing this as a preventative measure would boost understanding, morale and Trust within the organization therefore boosting Productivity the organization would Save Money on a long Term basis due to the fact That many chronic illness and some mental Health issues Stem from associated Lifestyle Risk factors. So I believe addressing lifestyle risk Factors you are therefore Addressing an overall broad majority of issues. Tackling life style risk factors before They become Chronic illness is imperative and should be made a priority as Prevention Is better than Cure. So I would introduce an advanced or comprehensive program to Change the behavior. 3.  Summary Report Mental Health Issues for example: Depression, Anxiety, stress Behavioral Conditions. Chronic Illnesses for example: Diabetes, asthma, Cancer, coronary heart disease and stroke. Lifestyle risk Factors such as drug and alcohol abuse, gambling, Obesity and smoking this includes second hand smoke. â€Å"Healthy Employees Make A Healthy Business† Mental health Issues, chronic illnesses and lifestyle risk factors are all on the rise it is so crucial that they be addressed because the long term affect of unaddressed issues within any organization can be devastating for both employer and employees. Not only did a 2007 study run by Medibank Private put the annual cost of absenteeism and presenteeism to Australia at $25.7 billion. Health and wellbeing are by far the overriding factors. By improving health standards in the work place you will find healthier employees are 3 times more productive. All the above health issues have a profound impact on Daily productivity absenteeism and presenteeism addressing these issues effectively will not only benefit this organization and employee’s but improve overall mental and physical wellbeing improving productivity, employee relationships, reduced absenteeism and sick leave and increased health awareness and knowledge. â€Å"Global research has found that when employee health and wellness is managed well the percentage of engaged employees increases from 7% to 55%. This research also found self-reported creativity and innovation increases from 20% to 72%.† Providing the necessary tools and skills for staff and employee’s to preform at there best I would suggest adopting a EAP to approach lifestyle risk issues, some of the methods maybe government assisted workshops. so with the approval of senior management I would love feedback approval to write a advanced or comprehensive EAP for Lifestyle Risk Factors because I believe that in addressing lifestyle risks far out way the cost, time and resources and With cost in relation to losses from absenteeism and presenteeism an  investment on a larger scale like a advanced or comprehensive EPA would be more beneficial in this situation. Implementing this as a preventative measure would boost understanding, morale and Trust within the organization therefore boosting Productivity. The organization would Save Money on a long Term basis due to the fact the work place will be a healthy safer place with reduced absenteeism and presenteeism and increased productivity. â€Å"a ship cannot be sailed without a crew† so keeping your staff / employee’s happy and healthy will have a positive affect on all involved and improve the organizations corporate image. With cost in relation to losses from absenteeism and presenteeism an investment on a larger scale like a advanced or comprehensive EPA would be more beneficial in this situation. Also in addressing lifestyle risk you are in turn addressing many chronic illnesses and Some mental Health issues as most Stem from associated Lifestyle Risk factors. So I Believe addressing lifestyle risk Factors you are therefore addressing an overall broad Majority of issues. Tackling life style risk factors before They become Chronic illness it Is imperative and should be made a priority as Prevention Is better than Cure. References http://www.cgdev.org/doc/expert%20pages/nugent/Nugent_Annals_article.pdf https://www.bspg.com.au/dam/bsg/product?client=BEYONDBLUEprodid=BL/0538type=file http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/D3310114.nsf/home/home?opendocument http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/active-living/Documents/Healthy-workplace-guide.pdf

Monday, January 20, 2020

Admiral Jarok as a Traitor Essay examples -- Star Trek Essays Papers

Admiral Jarok as a Traitor Although a somewhat tacky and predictable program, Star Trek: The Next Generation, succeeds where other television shows don't. Beneath all the glitz and glamour, a very straightforward theme arises in each episode parallel to our own society. One such episode is "The Defector," wherein the intrepid crew of the U.S.S. Enterprise happens upon a Romulan renegade requesting asylum in Federation space. The Federation, (protected by its military organization Starfleet), and the Romulans, (governed by the Romulan Star Empire), are long-time foes. Throughout the episode the Romulan, (initially calling himself Cetol), skates around the truth before revealing his true identity as the notorious Admiral Jarok, and further explains his motivations for defecting to the Federation. Here one must ponder the fine line between vengeful treason and inspired salvation. Jarok is a traitor of the Romulan Empire, but not of his people; he reluctantly betrays state secrets to save Romulus from the bitter c onsequences of war. Jarok's betrayal commences when he flees into Federation space to inform Starfleet of the impending completion of a secret supply depot within the Neutral Zone, a "no-man's" boundary between Federation and Romulan space. Jarok claims that this depot, orbiting the planet of Nelvana III, will undoubtedly serve as the inception point of the Romulan Empire's invasion into Federation space. Convinced he is still loyal to the Empire, Jarok lies about his identity and his true intentions. Jarok attempts to act both as an Admiral of the Romulan Empire and a champion willing to abandon his rank for the sake of his race. Jarok destroys his shuttle, insisting that he will only reveal the bare minimum of Romulan... ...flicting administrative policy and wonder why nothing is ever resolved. Perhaps in a sudden epiphany, we will realize the same truth Jarok did on the holodeck: genuine peace is not possible without compromise and sacrifice. Works Cited Achim, Jo. "The Romulan Empire." TOS TrekMUSE - Romulan Empire. 1994 http://tos-www.tos.net/tos/romulan/romulan.html (1994) Tong, Andrew. "NCC-1701 Destroyed, Constitution Class Starships Withdrawn." The Star Trek Chronology. May 27, 1994. http://cruciform.cid.com/~werdna/sttng/trek6/trek6-3b1.html (15 Jan. 1995) "The Defector." Synopsis from The Vidiot's TNG Program Guide. (date unknown) http://cruciform.cid.com/~werdna/sttng/synopsis/defector.syn.html (15 Jan.1995) "The Romulans." The Starlog ST:TNG Official Magazine Technical Journal. (Date unknown). http://www.cms.dmu.ac.uk/AUG/StarTrek/romulan.html (12 Jun. 1995)

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Meet and Welcome Visitors

Understand procedures for meeting and welcoming visitors1.1) Describe different reasons for people visiting a business, their requirements and how their needs may be met. Different reasons why people visit businesses is to see if their requirements are met are by; managing their own performance in a business environment by improving your own performance, working in a business environment, communicating in a business environment.The requirements you would need are; to solve business problems, organise and report data, prepare text from note, support the organisation of an event, meet and welcome visitors word processing software. Customers are people who buy products and services from other people (usually companies of one sort or another). What customers think, and feel about a company and/or its products is a key aspect of business success. Irrespective of whether a business' customers are consumers or organizations, it is the job of marketers to understand the needs of their custom ers. In doing so they can develop goods or services which meet their needs more precisely than their competitors.1.2) Explain the purpose of dealing with visitors promptly and courteously.The reason to dealing with visitors promptly and courteously is to insure whilst working in reception you're the first person people see when they enter the business. You're a big part of the first impression they'll have of the business. The first thing you can do in order to represent your organisation in a positive way is to be professional. The public will expect to see you dressed in a certain way; for example, if your organisation has a uniform you will need to be wearing it correctly at all times when representing your organisation in public. You will need to follow procedures on addressing people, distributing information, answering the telephone, etc.Members will take notice and form judgments on the image you present. This includes taking notice of your attitude, appearance, facial expres sions, the way you address people, tone of voice, courtesy toward others and your overall level of professionalism. People don't want to spend their money with companies that they're not confident can competently provide the products or services they are seeking. If you're organized and  professional, you increase the chances that your customers will see your company in a positive light, and they'll be more likely to spend their money with you.1.3) Explain the purpose of presenting a positive image of self and the organisation. The reason of presenting a positive image of your self and the organisation is because it is important to influence people in taking you seriously. This attracts the best workforce when employment opportunities arise in the organisation and the best clients when attracting business. All this translates into better returns and a higher profitability for the organisation.You are expected to present a positive image of yourself and your organisation because yo u will be able to; listen to and absorb the information that others are giving you, ask questions, when necessary, provide information to other people clearly and accurately, contribute to and allow others to contribute to, discussions, select and read written information that contains the information you need, communicate well in writing, establish good working relationships with other people.1.4) Explain the purpose of following health, safety and security procedures when dealing the visitors, including own responsibility. The reasons for following the health, safety and security when dealing with visitors, including your own responsibilities is to make sure equipment in the workplace is safely kept and maintained, also making sure fire exits remain accessible, which will reduce hazards in the workplace.It sets out a lot of your responsibilities for your health and safety at work and the health and safety executive is responsible for enforcing health and safety at work.The Data Pr otection Act 1998 is concerned with personal data which must be kept private. Expect staff/manager other people must not have access to confidential information about identifiable individuals held on computer or in certain structured manual filing systems.1.5) Describe different types of problems that may occur with visitors including, conflict and aggression.The types of problems which may occur whilst dealing with problems caused by visitors can be tough, whether you’re working in a customer service position or receptionist, it’s important to know what can happen.Different of problems which may occur are when he or she may shout, swear, or threaten you and the people around you due to various reasons such as their needs not being met.Understanding problems related to aggressive visitors can help you formulate responses and actions that help to keep you safe. First of all, you should consider creating a barrier between you and the people who come in as a layer of prot ection between visitors and employees. If this isn’t feasible at your location, you should consider beefing up security so you will be protected in the event of an emergency.1.6) Describe ways of dealing with different problems and when to refer them to an appropriate colleague.Dealing with problems when referring to an appropriate colleague is to try and soothe the colleague through calm discussion that will address his or her concerns.However, your first priority should always be a backup system that allows you to call for help when things spiral out of control. A button you can press to call for help, or a cell phone in your pocket can be helpful, try to program emergency numbers into your phone or security system well in advance of when they are actually needed.Vocations where aggressive visitors are common include the health care field, education, government services, and police work. Schools, hospitals, and government offices see their fair share of angry and agitated v isitors. In some cases, courses in self defence may provide you with important coping skills. Understanding how to defuse anger with a calm response can also be  helpful. Explaining the reality of rules, wait times, regulations, and service restrictions may be of assistance. It’s important to avoid angry emotions of your own while dealing with an agitated visitor.1.7) Explain the purpose of communicating with visitors.The more visitors communicate with you, the easier it is for you to build a relationship with them. The purpose of communicating with visitors is so that it allows them to understand each other in different ways and for several reasons and connect, also so that the information is disseminated.You would need to develop your communicative skills so that you can use it as a tool to help you understand and the visitor.We also communicate with visitors to listen to each their problems, and solve the difficulties which they may be facing, it helps to find solutions, which will help you to would receive information and know more about them which will help you to know what their needs are so that it is met.1.8) Describe organisation structures and communication channels within the organisation.The organisation structural channels in an organisation are when you are communicating with several levels of channels, (does not include your colleagues). For example if the management furnishes information about how things are going, notifies the supervisor of what the problems are, and provides requests for clarification and help. Supervisors, in turn, keep their employees informed and render assistance. Supervisors continually facilitate the process of gaining necessary clarification and problem solving; both up and down the organization. Also, supervisors communicate with sources outside the organization, such as vendors and customers.Communication channels within the organisation are structured fabric made up of the system of lines, or channels, whic h are interconnected. Organizational communication is really the flow of information through the  networks.Communication under the formal network is narrow, but it allows for flow of essential information. Moreover, it is easy to maintain, orderly in nature, supports the authority of the superiors and provides for closeness of contact thereby reducing channels of miscommunication. It has certain limitations, such as, bottlenecks in the flow, enhancing organizational distance, greater possibilities of transmission, errors, screening at various filter points, etc.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Sustainability Reporting - Woolworths Essay - 2146 Words

Contents Executive Summary 1 Introduction 2 Defining Sustainability 2 What Sustainability means to Woolworths 3 Corporate Stakeholders of Woolworths 3 Woolworths Drive for Change 5 Integrated Reporting 6 Why Integrated Reporting? 6 Woolworths Integrated Reporting 7 The Future of Integrated Reporting 7 Conclusion 8 Word Count: 1995 Executive Summary This report examines the new world of sustainability reporting, and the complex web of stakeholders. It focuses particularly on the demands for new kinds of transparency which serve the interests of the environment and society. In this report, Woolworths, one of our major competitors has been analyzed in order to understand how they have evolved the concept of†¦show more content†¦Woolworths believes their existence is directly linked to the global environment as well its community. In carrying out its activities, Woolworths believes it must maintain respect for human dignity, and strive towards a society where the global environment is protected. Woolworths are committed in understanding how people feel, their fears and their needs and aligning the business’s focus into addressing those needs in order to build both loyalty from customers and effort from employees (ICAA, 2011). In order to be sustainable over the long term, Woolworths has made sure that their success doesn’t come at the expense of the society, economy and environment as they are a part of it (ICAA, 2011). They believe it not only involves responsibility to understand and manage their impacts, but also gives them an opportunity to achieve lasting and beneficial change that extends beyond their operations (ICAA, 2011). Corporate Stakeholders of Woolworths Woolworths is a significant part of the Australian community and are aware that their actions and operations do have an impact beyond their immediate interactions with customers, employees and shareholders. A result, they are also concerned with reconciling and aligning the demands, needs, interests, and values with suppliers, communities, the environment, and society at large (ICAA, 2011). Woolworths has a number of programs in place to engage with stakeholders. Through these avenuesShow MoreRelatedEssay on Sustainability and Integrated Reporting1869 Words   |  8 Pagescost/benefits of integrated reporting. By using Woolworths as an example of what to expect and the outcomes of their progress I dissect the strategy Woolworths adopted in attempting to implement sustainability into their every day-to-day operations and through doing so have resulted in a conclusion with a recommendation for Coolworths. Sustainability will require heavy investment in the short term, however with the correct approach, attitude, and strategy, investments into sustainability will pay for themselvesRead MoreWoolworths Limited Case Study5822 Words   |  23 Pagesï » ¿Background Woolworths Limited was foundedin 1924, and is Australias second largest employer. Colloquially referred to as Woolies, the company has grown to be Australias leading supermarket retailer. Woolworths has also gained a strong foothold in the retail markets in New Zealand. Woolworths officially listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) on 12 July 1993, and trades with the issuer code WOW. Woolworths Limited (Woolworths) is Australias most recognised and trusted retail brandRead MoreManagerial sustainability Essay2023 Words   |  9 PagesLecturer: RACHNA SHARMA Student’s name: VU THI LAN HUONG Student’s number: 12857879 TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive summary†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.................................†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 1 .0 Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦4 2.0 What is sustainability†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..4 3.0 Triple Bottom Lines†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..4 3.1 Economic performance†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..5 3.1.1 Turnover†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..5 3.1.2 Wages†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦5 Read MoreEthical Ethics And Financial Performance1206 Words   |  5 Pagesrefers to the standards of right and wrong in an attempt to influence behaviour. (Kinicki 2015, p.83) In stating this, companies can be ethical within numerous occasions such as ethics and financial performance, ethical performance, ethics and sustainability and ethical competition such as competitive advantage. Despite the positive side, there are also some negative implications towards ethics. Ethics and financial performance: jEthics can be addressed within financial performance in stating howRead MoreWesfarmers : Financial Analysis Essay1488 Words   |  6 Pages2009). However the major one of them all being Woolworths. Woolworths has established a clear lead in sales growth in recent years, and is estimated to hold approximately 27% of the market with Coles falling down to 23%. Woolworths has clearly demonstrated a lead in terms of supermarket margins and supply chain automation resulting in heavy price discounting, and they have reported a solid growth in margins from 4.7% in 2005 to 6.2% in 2007(Woolworths, 2008). As Wesfarmers operate in various otherRead MoreWoolworths Ltd Doing the Right Thing11796 Words   |  48 PagesDoing the right thing | Sustainability Strategy 2007–2015 Doing the right thing. Contents 2 3 4 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 8 1 0 2 2 2 4 2 6 2 8 2 Foreword What sustainability means to Woolworths Limited Our major commitments and targets Who is Woolworths Limited? Our external engagement Engaging our people Our sustainability priorities Climate change Water Sourcing Packaging Waste Green Stores Implementation and reporting All of us, every day. Foreword Read MoreNational Accounting Standards in Retail Industry3454 Words   |  14 Pagesare Woolworths from Australia and Walmart from the United States and compare the two firms in 4 perspectives. Firstly, the different in recognition of intangible assets, revenue, tax, inventory under IFRS (Aus) and U.S.GAAP. Secondly, describe consequence of the different recognition of accounting items and how it affects to financial statement and different regulation under AISC (Aus) and SEC (US). Thirdly, describe the factors that influence the accounting practices of Walmart and Woolworths. InRead MoreWoolworths Supply Chain5368 Words   |  22 PagesDiscussion and Evaluation of Woolworths Foods purchasing process Authors: Ian dlamini, Sne Byron Van Herder, Naseer Khan, Mohamed Kadar amp; Muhammad Moola, Executive summary Woolworths is one of the biggest retail stores in South Africa. Founded in the early nineteen thirties by Max Sonnenberg, Woolworths has grown to a retail giant with over four hundred stores throughout Africa and Middle East. Along with Woolworths being of such large proportions it now is listed on the JohannesburgRead MoreHistory And Vision Of Macquarie Group1739 Words   |  7 PagesPM HTTP://WWW.SBS.COM.AU/NEWS/ARTICLE/2015/08/27/DAVID-JONES-NEW-OWNER-MAKES-BIG-CHANGES Sales at David Jones have soared under its new South African owner, which says it wants to turn the retailer into one of the world s best. South Africa s Woolworths bought David Jones for $2.1 billion in 2014, and after taking con-trol in August David Jones made great progress in its sales presentation and delivered an op-erating profit of $161 million. David Jones last annual profit reported as a publiclyRead MoreManagement Accounting And Control Systems Essay1998 Words   |  8 Pagesenvironment from the traditional brick and mortar office to one that has its storefront on the internet. With the new global shift towards sustainability, organisations are being more self-aware about what impact they have on the environment and many organisations are now attempting to decrease their impact on the environment by using systems such as triple bottom line reporting, which not only identifies that a business should be earning a profit, but also that they have responsibility to be a good citizen

Friday, December 27, 2019

Gender Segments And Sex Groups During Childhood And Early...

Intro: Gender cleavage refers to the tendency for children of the same gender to self-segregate into two same-sex groups, male and female. This phenomenon appears to be a primary factor influencing social and cognitive development during childhood and early adolescence. The peer-reviewed article discussed in this paper focuses on gender cleavage in addition to age-related variances and sex differences during middle childhood. Peer-Review Article: The main point of the article is to analyze cross-sectional data from group preference surveys to determine sex and age-related differences in gender cleavage so that researchers can identify possible developmental aspects in gender cleavage for both boys and girls. Middle childhood gender cleavage studies based on the work of Moreno in 1953, are the foundation of this investigation. The article never clearly stated a hypothesis, but from reading the article, it is possible to make the assumption that researchers were interested in determining why children break up into same-sex groups during critical periods of childhood development and how gender and age play a role in this phenomenon (Smith et al., 2001). Data was collected from 299 students across three coeducational public schools in Australia in 2005. Children in grades 3-6 were the participants in this study. These schools were chosen because they represented diverse socioeconomic divisions, sizes, and school atmosphere and culture. 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